Kidney stone

Definition

A kidney stone is a solid mass made up of tiny crystals. One or more stones can be in the kidney or ureter at the same time.

Alternative Names

Renal calculi; Nephrolithiasis; Stones – kidney.

Causes

Kidney stones can form when the urine contains too much of certain substances. These substances can create small crystals that become stones. Kidney stones may not produce symptoms until they begin to move down the ureter, causing pain. The pain is usually severe and often starts in the flank region, then moves down to the groin.

Kidney stones are common. A person who has had kidney stones often gets them again in the future. Kidney stones often occur in premature infants.

Risk factors include renal tubular acidosis and resultant nephrocalcinosis.

Some types of stones tend to run in families. Certain kinds of stones can occur with bowel disease, ileal bypass for obesity, or renal tubule defects.

Types of stones include:

  • Calcium stones are most common. They occur more often in men than in women, and usually appear between ages 20 – 30. They are likely to come back. Calcium can combine with other substances, such as oxalate (the most common substance), phosphate, or carbonate to form the stone. Oxalate is present in certain foods. Diseases of the small intestine increase the risk of forming calcium oxalate stones.
  • Cystine stones can form in people who have cystinuria. This disorder runs in families and affects both men and women.
  • Struvite stones are mainly found in women who have a urinary tract infection. These stones can grow very large and can block the kidney, ureter, or bladder.
  • Uric acid stones are more common in men than in women. They can occur with gout or chemotherapy.

Other substances also can form stones.

Symptoms

  • Abdominal pain
  • Abnormal urine color
  • Blood in the urine
  • Chills
  • Excess urination at nigh
  • Fever
  • Flank pain or back pain
    • Colicky (spasm-like)
    • May move lower in flank, pelvis, groin, genitals
    • On one or both sides
    • Progressive
    • Severe
  • Groin pain
  • Nausea, vomiting
  • Painful urination
  • Testicle pain
  • Urinary frequency/urgency
  • Urinary hesitancy.

 Yogic cure:-

                 [1] Shatkarma                                                {Purificatory techniques}

{a} Sankha-prakshalana                 {Mouth to anus gut wash}

                   [2]Yogasanas                                                  {Posture}

{a} Matsayasana                                    {Fish}

{b} Vajrasana                                         {Adamantine}

{c} Matsyendrasana                             {Spinal twist}

{d} Tolangulasan

{e} Pavanmuktasana,                           { Wind release}

{f}  Uttanpadasana,

{g}  Bhujangasana,                                {Cobra posture}

{h} Dhanurasana,                                  { Bow posture}

{i}  Halasana.                                          {Plough}

{g} Shirsasana                                       {Head stand}

{h} Sarvangasana                                 {Shoulder stand}

{i} Padmasana                                       {Lotus posture}

{j} Noukasana                                        {Boat posture}

    [3]Pranayama                       {Body-mind energising breathing practices}

{a} Anulom vilom           { Alternate nostrilar pranayama}

{b} Bhastrika                   {Bellow pranayama}

               [4]Bandha:-                                                      {Bands}

{a} Uddiyana bandha                       {Abdominal lock}

{b} mool bandha                               {Anal lock}

                [5] Mudras:-                                                   {Finger –posture}

{a} Maha mudra

{b} Yoni mudra

Note:- You must not do any forward bends posture.

  [6] Dhayan                                                        {Meditation}

 

 {7}Yogic diet:-

If your Kidney stone is caused by an excess of calcium, you may be advised to reduce the amount of oxalates in your diet. Oxalates prevent calcium from being absorbed by your body, so it can accumulate in your kidney and form a stone.

Foods that contain oxalates include:

  • beetroot,
  • asparagus,
  • rhubarb,
  • chocolate,
  • berries,
  • leeks,
  • parsley,
  • celery,
  • almonds, peanuts and cashew nuts,
  • soya products, and
  • grains, such as oatmeal, wheat germ, and whole wheat.

You should not reduce the amount of calcium in your diet unless your doctor recommends it.

To prevent developing a uric acid stone.

 [8]Fasting

Home –remedies:-

    Kidney Stones treatment using Kidney Beans:-

Kidney beans, also known as dried French beans or Rajmah, are regarded as a very effective home remedy for kidney problems, including kidney stones. The method prescribed to prepare the medicine is to remove the beans from inside the pods, then slice the pods and put about sixty grams in four litre of hot water, boiling them slowly for six hours. This liquid should be strained through fine muslin and then allowed to cool for about eight hours. Thereafter the fluid should be poured through another piece of muslin without stirring.A glass of this decoction should be given to the patient every two hours throughout the day for one day and, thereafter, it may be taken several times a week. This decoction would not work if it was more than twenty-four hours old. The pods could be kept for longer periods but once they were boiled, the therapeutic factor would disappear after one day.

Kidney Stones treatment using Basil

Basil has a strengthening effect on the kidneys.In case of kidney stones, one teaspoon each of basil juice and honey should be taken daily for six months. It has been found that stones can be expelled from the urinary tract by this treatment.

Kidney Stones treatment using Celery

Celery is a valuable food for those who are prone to getting stones in the kidneys or gall-bladder. Its regular intake prevents future stone formation.

Kidney Stones treatment using Apple

Apples are useful in kidney stones. In countries where the natural unsweetened cider is a common beverage, cases of stones or calculus are practically absent. The ripe fresh fruit is, however, more valuable.

Kidney Stones treatment using Grapes

Grapes have an exceptional diuretic value on account of their high contents of water and potassium salt. The value of this fruit in kidney troubles is enhanced by its low albumin and sodium chloride content. It is an excellent cure for kidney stones.

Kidney Stones treatment using Pomegranate

The seeds of both sour and sweet pomegranates are useful medicine for kidney stones. A tablespoon of the seeds, ground into a fine paste, can be given along with a cup of horse gram (kulthi) soup to dissolve gravel in kidneys. Two tablespoons of horse gram should be used for preparing the cup of soup.

Kidney Stones treatment using Watermelon

Watermelon contains the highest concentration of water amongst all fruits. It is also rich in potassium salts. It is one of the safest and best diuretics which can be used with beneficial result in kidney stones.

Kidney Stones treatment using Vitamin B 6

Research has shown the remarkable therapeutic success of vitamin B6 or pyridoxine in the treatment of kidney Stones. A daily therapeutic does of 100 to 150 mg of vitamin B6, preferably, combined with other B complex vitamins, should be continued for several months for getting a permanent cure.

Avoid foods like alcoholic beverages; condiments and pickles; certain vegetables like cucumber, radish.

A patient with kidney stones should avoid foods, which irritate the kidneys, to control acidity or alkalinity of the urine. He should also ensure adequate intake of fluids to prevent the urine from becoming concentrated. The foods considered irritants to the kidneys are alcoholic beverages; condiments and pickles; certain vegetables like cucumber, radish, tomato, spinach, rhubarb; those with a strong aroma such as asparagus, onion, beans, cabbage, and cauliflower; meat and gravies; and carbonated waters.

Intake of calcium and phosphates should be restricted

For controlling the formation of calcium phosphate stones, the intake of calcium and phosphates should be restricted. Foods which should be avoided are wholewheat flour, Chickpea, peas, soyabean, beet, spinach, cauliflower, turnips, carrots, almonds, and coconuts. When stones are composed of calcium, magnesium phosphates, and carbonates, the diet should be so regulated as to maintain an acidic urine. On the other hand, the urine should be kept alkaline if oxalate and uric acid stones are being formed. In the latter case, fruits and vegetables should be liberally used, and acid-forming foods should be kept to the minimum necessary for satisfactory nutrition. In case of uric stones, foods with a high purine content such as sweet breads, liver, and kidney should be avoided.

Take a low-protein diet and have liberal intake of water

The patient should take a low-protein diet, restricting protein to one gram per kilogram of food. A liberal intake of fluid upto three litres or more daily is essential to prevent the precipitation of salt into the form of stones.

Further suggestion:-

The patient should be given a large warm enema, followed by a hot bath with a temperature of 37.8oC, gradually increased to 44.5°C. During the bath, the head should be wrapped in a cold towel. Hot fomentation applied across the back in the region of the kidneys will relieve the pain.

Yogi Yoganand