only on one side of the head.

Some people who get migraines have warning symptoms, called an aura, before the actual headache begins. An aura is a group of symptoms, usually vision disturbances, that serve as a warning sign that a bad headache is coming. Most people, however, do not have such warning signs.

See also:

  • Migraine without aura (no warning symptoms)
  • Migraine with aura (visual disturbances before the headache starts)
  • Mixed tension migraine (features of both migraines and tension headache)

Alternative Names

Headache – migraine


A lot of people get migraines — about 11 out of 100. The headaches tend to start between the ages of 10 and 46 and may run in families. Migraines occur more often in women than men. Pregnancy may reduce the number of migraines attacks. At least 60 percent of women with a history of migraines have fewer such headaches during the last two trimesters of pregnancy.

Until the 1980s, scientists believed that migraines were due to changes in blood vessels within the brain. Today, most believe the attack actually begins in the brain itself, and involves various nerve pathways and chemicals in the brain.

A migraine attack can be triggered by stress, food, environmental changes, or some other factor. However, the exact chain of events remains unclear.

Migraine attacks may be triggered by:

  • Allergic reactions
  • Bright lights, loud noises, and certain odors or perfumes
  • Physical or emotional stress
  • Changes in sleep patterns
  • Smoking or exposure to smoke
  • Skipping meals
  • Alcohol
  • Menstrual cycle fluctuations, birth control pills
  • Tension headaches
  • Foods containing tyramine (red wine, aged cheese, smoked fish, chicken livers, figs, and some beans), monosodium glutamate (MSG), or nitrates (like bacon, hot dogs, and salami)
  • Other foods such as chocolate, nuts, peanut butter, avocado, banana, citrus, onions, dairy products, and fermented or pickled foods


Migraine headaches, which can be dull or severe, usually:

  • Feel throbbing, pounding, or pulsating
  • Are worse on one side of the head
  • Last 6 to 48 hours

Symptoms accompanying migraines include:

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Sensitivity to light or sound
  • Loss of appetite
  • Fatigue
  • Numbness, tingling, or weakness

Warning signs (auras) that can precede a migraine include seeing stars or zigzag lines, tunnel vision, or a temporary blind spot.

Symptoms that may linger even after the migraine has gone away include:

  • Feeling mentally dull, like your thinking is not clear or sharp
  • Increased need for sleep
  • Neck pain

 Yogic cure:-

                          [1]Shatkarma                                      {purificatory techniques}

                               {a}  Kunjal                                         {Volitional stomach wash}

                               {b} Sutrneti                                       {Nose wash by string}

                               {c} Jalneti                                           {Nose wash by water}   

                               {d} Kapalbhati                                  {Lungs & brain wash by breathing}

                               {e} Shankhprakshalana                 {Mouth to anus gut wash}              

           [2] Yogasanas                                                  {posture}

{a} Trikonasana                                  {Triangle pose}

{b}  Tadasana                                       {Palm tree}

{c}  Padahastasana                             {Hand to feet pose}

{d}  Pachchimottasana                      {Posterior posture}                                                                                                                               

                              {e}  Vajrasana                                       {Adamantine}

                              {f}   Ardha matsyenrdrasans           {Half spinal twist}

                              {g}  Matsyasana                                   {Fish}         

                              {h}  Shavasana.                                    {Corpse}

 [3]Pranayama                        {body-mind energising breathing practices}

{a} Kapalbhati             {Lungs & brain wash by breathing}

{b} Ujjayi                       {Hissing pranayama}

{c} Sheetali                   {Beak-tongue pranayama}

{d} Bhastrika               {Bellow pranayama}

                             {e} Nadisodhan

                             {f} Bhramri                  {Humming bee pranayama} 

      [4]Bandhas:-                                                           {Bands}

{a} Tribandha                                            {Triple bandha}

        [5] Mudras:                                                          {Finger –posture}

{a} Mritsanjivini mudra

{b} Vipreetkarni mudra

      [6]   Dhayan                                                        {Meditation}

 {7}Yogic diet:

                           Irregularities of diet and excessive exertion must be avoided.

The diet should have low content of fats and oils.

Avoid hot, spicy foods, fermented foods, and sour or citrus fruits.

Exposure to heat or cold should be avoided.

   [8]   Fasting

 Home remedies:

  • Preventive method for certain individuals getting migraines at midday — Take a ripe banana, peel it, and chop banana into pieces, and add 1 teaspoon warm ghee, 1 teaspoon date sugar, and a pinch of cardamom. Take this early morning.
  • Put 5 drops of warm brahmi in each nostril. It will help to relieve the pain.
  • Inhale basil oil.
  • Apply the paste of fine lemon crusts on forehead.


: Ushtrasana, Matsysana, Dhanurasana, Chakrasana, Sarvangasana, Halasana should be avoided.

Further suggestion:-

Shirshasana maybe practiced for one minute and Shavasana for five minutes daily.

Treatment with pranayama can be started only after an attack is over.

Pranayama should be preceded by three rounds of Kapalabhati. Six rounds of Shitali pranayama (without kumbhaka) may be practiced in the end.

Migraine is an ailment which does not have a complete cure. Meditation, acupuncture and Yoga can help a person get some relief. The best is to take some preventive steps and stop the attack at the initial stage.

Yogi Yoganand