Definition      A hernia occurs when part of an organ (usually the intestines) sticks through a weak point or tear in the thin muscular wall that holds the abdominal organs in place.

Alternative Names

Hernia – inguinal; Inguinal hernia

Comman  causes:-

Usually, there is no obvious cause of a hernia, although they are sometimes associated with heavy lifting.

Hernias can be seen in infants and children. This can happen when the lining around the abdominal organs does not close properly before birth. About 5 out of 100 children have inguinal hernias (more boys than girls). Some may not have symptoms until adulthood.

If you have any of the following, you are more likely to develop a hernia:

Family history of hernias

Cystic fibrosis

Undescended testicles

Extra weight

Chronic cough

Chronic constipation, straining to have bowel movements

Enlarged prostate, straining to urinate


  1. Groin discomfort or groin pain aggravated by bending or lifting
  2. A tender groin lump or scrotum lump
  3. A non-tender bulge or lump in children
  4. Pain, increased pressure and heaviness in abdominal area.
  5. Patient becomes restless, since he is unable or stand, sit, walk or sleep



Some of the important types of hernia are as follows:

1. Inguinal Hernia: It is very common in men than women. About 70% of the hernia patients are suffering from inguinal hernia. It occurs when a part of abdominal viscera pushes into inguinal canal.

2. Femoral Hernia: It is found in 17% of the patients of hernia. It usually occurs in women. The bowel part (intestine) enters in to the front side of the thigh through femoral ring.

3. Umbilical Hernia: This type of hernia has its occurrence in about 8% of total hernias. The hernial sac bulges out at the umbilicus (navel) where abdominal muscles are weak. This hernia occurs at birth or in infancy or in obese people or middle aged having weak abdominal muscles.

4. Reducible Hernia: Where the protruded sac can be pushed back inside the abdomen. It reduces itself when the person lies down, but re-emerges when it stands up.

5. Irreducible Hernia: It is a dangerous, life-threatening situation and needs surgical treatment. This occurs when protruded abdominal contents cannot be pushed back. The part may develop into gangrene or it may lead to even death. Therefore, it may be present even though the patient is not reporting pain.

Yogic cure:-

                     [1] Shatkarma                                                {Purificatory techniques}


{a} Jalneti                                           {Nose wash by water}

                   [2] Yogasanas                                                  {Posture}

{a} Sarvangasana                                  {Shoulder stand }

{b} Shirsasana                                      { Head posture}

{c} Akarna dhanurasana                       { Half bow}

{d} Bhadrasana                                     {  }

{e} Ardha halasana                               {Plough}

{f} Vipreet karni                                   {Reverse posture}

{g} Pawan muktasana                          {Wind release}

{h} Naukasana                                     {Boat}

{i} Setubandhasana                              {Bridge posture}

{j} Shavasana                                      {Corpse}

{k} Padahasa

                               {l} Suptapawanmuktasana                    {Semi wind release}    

                              {m} Shalabhasana                                      {Locust}

                              {n} Vajrasana                                              {Adamantine}

                             {o} Gomukhasana                                       {Cow head posture}

                             {p} Paschimotanasana                              {Posterior stretch}

                            {q} Janushirsiasana                                     {Knee and head}

                            {r} Halasana.                                                  {Plough}


  [3] Pranayama                            {Body-mind energising breathing practices}

{a} Agnisara

{b} Anulome –vilom      {Alternate nostrial pranayama}

{c} Nadisodhan


               [4]Bandha:-                                                      {Bands}

{a} Moolbandh

{b} Uddiyanabandh                           {Abdominal lock}


                [5] Mudras:                                                 {Finger –posture}

{a} Mahabandhmudra

{b} Vipritkararni                

                [6] Dhayan                                                        {Meditation}



                 Ushtrasana, Chakrasana, Matysasana, Suptavajrasana,   Dhanurasana, Bhujangasana should be avoided.


Yogi Yoganad